Frontiero v. Richardson (1973) heralded the Supreme Court's willingness to consider gender issues seriously, because for the first time, it held a number of federal statutes in violation of the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment. Also significant was the fact that a plurality of the court endorsed gender as a suspect classification. Prior to the 1970s, laws permitting discrimination on the basis of gender were typically upheld by the courts. However, in Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971), the Supreme ...

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