The Elkins Act of 1903 expanded the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 by addressing the issue of how to regulate the practice of rebates used by the railroads in the United States. The legislation signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt ended the practice of special rates and rebates that hindered commerce and also placed the railroad industry under further regulatory surveillance by the Interstate Commerce Commission. The initial legislation sponsored by Stephen B. Elkins, Republican senator from West Virginia, also became known as ...

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