Dred Scott v. Sandford was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case holding that Congress did not have the power to create citizenship for slaves, that freed slaves were not citizens as contemplated by the U.S. or Missouri constitutions, that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, and that the right of property in slaves was affirmed in the U.S. Constitution. One of many catalysts for the Civil War, the court's decision, authored by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, a slave-owning Marylander, denied people of African ...

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