Emerging as a field of inquiry in Europe in the late 1700s, criminology is currently defined as a subdiscipline of sociology or as the science that studies crime, criminal activity, and social reaction to crime. Since its beginning, criminology has overlapped considerably with sociology and criminal justice.

However, criminology has developed as a discipline more specifically related to the causes of crime, whereas criminal justice is generally concerned with applied outcomes such as policing, correction, and reinsertion of criminals. In fact, criminology and criminal justice ...

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