The U.S. Constitution, at the time it was adopted on September 17, 1787, did not address crime and punishment issues in great detail. Article I (Legislative), Section 9 stipulates that the “privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it” and that “no bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.” Habeas corpus requires that cause be shown for detaining an individual; a bill of attainder declares an individual guilty of ...

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