The Civil Rights Act of 1875 prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations, including inns, modes of transportation, and theaters. The law was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the 1883 Civil Rights Cases.

Following the emancipation of slaves and the passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution, Congress enacted several pieces of legislation designed to ensure that African Americans would enjoy the full rights of citizenship. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 provided that “all persons” would be entitled to use the ...

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