In the United States, citizen participation on petit, or trial, juries is a cornerstone of the judicial system. Members of a jury deliberate and attempt to agree upon a verdict. If summoned, unless exempted or excused, all American citizens have a legal duty to serve on juries. However, the extent and manner of citizen participation on juries has varied and continues to evolve because of a myriad of both social and legal developments.

While the Sixth Amendment affirms the right to a jury and explicitly states that the jury be an ...

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