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Discourse Analysis and Science

Discourse analysis is the study of the features of discourse, both written and spoken, in their social context. For written discourse, these features include word choice, grammatical structures, organizational strategies of texts, or groups of related texts. Applied to science communication, discourse analysis focuses on laboratory notebooks, published research articles, technical reports, textbooks, and public communications, all within their particular social contexts. Researchers also study drafts, revision notes, and other unfinished texts that offer insight into a writer's choices and communication strategies. With its focus on how language shapes and is shaped by social structures and institutions, discourse analysis provides insight into the choices that science communicators make when they write and how those choices are informed by social and institutional forces. Discourse analysis helps ...

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