Creationism is the belief that the universe was created by a divine entity, identified as God in Judeo-Christian theology. Creationist understandings of the formation of the earth fall along a diverse spectrum, but most creationists believe that the universe was created from nothing, that evolution cannot explain the development of life, that humans and apes have different ancestors, and that the Noachian flood covered the earth as documented in the Bible. Under some circumstances, conflicts have arisen between advocates of science communication and science education and strict creationists. These conflicts generally receive significant media attention.

Creationists can be placed into one of two categories: young-earth and old-earth creationists. Young-earth creationists follow a strict, literal interpretation of the story of human creation as it appears in the ...

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