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Office of Science and Technology Policy, U.S.

U.S. presidents throughout the years have availed themselves of advice from informal science advisers within and outside the White House; for example, this was Vannevar Bush's role in the Roosevelt administration that led to the influential post–World War II science policy blueprint, Science: The Endless Frontier (1945). But it was not until the administration of President Gerald R. Ford that Congress formally established a White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) as part of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (Pub. L. 94-282).

The 1976 act provides OSTP a broad mandate to advise the president and others within the executive office of the president on science and technology as it relates to both domestic and international affairs. The ...

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