All scientific investigation relies on logical reasoning, and it can be important for science communicators to understand the type of logic underlying a particular scientific finding. Inductive logic is one common type of logic used in science. To define inductive logic, it is first necessary to have a firm grasp of what logic is generally, and then it will be possible to specify what kind of logic is inductive.

Logic is generally identified as the principles and relationships of reasoning. Logic concerns argumentation, but not in the everyday sense of people who are angry at one another. Rather, an argument in the logical sense is a set of two or more statements in which at least one (called a premise) is said to be a reason ...

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