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Dyslexia

  • By: Julie Lee
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

Dyslexia occurs as a result of deficits in understanding speech sounds, and therefore results in problems with accurate and fluent word recognition, poor spelling, and decoding or understanding the sounds that go with written language (International Dyslexia Association, 2003). The disorder is often characterized by poor reading, but good listening ability. It has been described as “an unexpected difficulty learning to read despite having all the factors necessary to read–good thinking and reasoning skills and the ability to think creatively” (Campbell, 2003, p. 20). These children frequently have aural/oral, cognitive, fine motor, and executive functions that are normally developed. Their cognitive abilities are often in the average to above average range (International Dyslexia Association, 2003). However, children and adults with dyslexia may also have ...

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