• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Decoding

  • By: Donita Massengill
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

Decoding is the ability to interpret graphic symbols, through the use of letter–sound correspondences, so the message can be understood. Another term for this process is phonological recoding.

The ability to identify and understand words is fundamental to the reading process. There are several strategies readers use to decipher unknown words including decoding, sight, analogy, and context. Decoding plays a fundamental role in students' early reading development because phonological recoding enables a bond, or connection, between letters and sounds to be formed. Reading decoding research shows that once the bond has been established, decoding the word is no longer necessary because the word is recognized in memory and can be read rapidly by sight. Decoding is one of the most important word-recognition strategies because it allows ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles