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  • By: Keri Walthall
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

Confidentiality is an ethical practice that applies to professional psychologists, including school psychologists. Confidentiality refers to a decision made by a professional psychologist “not to reveal what is learned in a professional relationship” (Hummel & colleagues, 1985, p. 54). Confidentiality applies to students, parents, and teachers who reveal information to a school psychologist as they receive services (e.g., counseling or consultation). Confidentiality is an ethical standard, and a school psychologist is held to this ethical standard by ethics codes of the National Association of School Psychologists—Principles for Professional Ethics (2000)—and the American Psychological Association—Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2002).

Keeping information confidential requires careful attention and diligence on the part of the school psychologist. The school psychologist should not seek to obtain information from ...

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