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Peer Mediation

  • By: Amy Kiekhaefer
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

As acts of aggression and disruptive behavior occur more frequently in schools, the need for programs to help students resolve conflict increases. There are many types of conflict resolution programs. A common type is the peer mediation program. Peer mediation programs empower students to manage their own conflict through training in problem solving and negotiation.

Although conflict occurs regularly in schools, many children don't possess the skills necessary to manage conflict constructively. In fact, research suggests that untrained students primarily resolve conflict with destructive strategies such as verbal threats or force (Johnson & colleagues, 1992). The purpose of peer mediation is to help students manage conflict by understanding others' perspectives and working cooperatively. Peer mediators are neutral third parties who facilitate negotiation by listening to ...

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