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No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, the

  • By: Robert J. Kubick & Caven S. Mcloughlin
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was passed by the U.S. Congress with broad bipartisan support and signed by President George W. Bush on January 8, 2002. The most comprehensive education legislation in a generation, it is founded on the major themes of school choice, accountability through the implementation of high standards, public reporting of test results, research-based reforms for ineffective schools, and a guarantee of yearly progress. The law necessitates substantial changes in state assessment and accountability systems to ensure alignment with federal guidelines.

NCLB mandates that schools:

  • Design curriculum and instruction to ensure that all students meet clear and challenging academic standards.
  • Develop teacher preparation and professional development programs that ensure teachers are prepared to teach the standards.
  • Conduct assessments that measure how well ...
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