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When a student with a special education disability violates school discipline policy that ordinarily would result in suspension or expulsion, manifestation determination is completed to ascertain whether the behavior that violated school discipline policy was a result of the student's disability. Manifestation determination also assesses the educational placement and program (called the Individualized Education Plan [IEP]) of the student to determine whether the program was adequately meeting his or her educational needs. If the misbehavior is deemed to be a result of the student's disability or if the district does not have positive behavior support interventions in place for the student, then the school's discipline policy may not be applied to the special education student.

Manifestation determination was mandated under the Individuals With Disabilities Act 1997 ...

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