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Homelessness

  • By: Joy E. Fopiano
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

During the past decade the numbers of homeless children, youths, and families have increased significantly. It is estimated that 1.35 million children will experience homelessness during the course of a year, representing 39% of the overall homeless population (Urban Institute, 2000). Powers and Jaklitsch (1993) identified two groups of homeless adolescents, runaways and throwaways. Runaways are children who frequently leave home to escape painful and traumatic family situations in search of safety and protection. These youths may or may not return to their family residence. Throwaways are children who have permanently left home or are forced to leave home by parents or guardians. These youths are likely to remain hidden from the public in cities and towns, making their way in illegal trades such as ...

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