• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index


  • By: Allison L. Tate
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

Grades consist of numbers, letters, or phrases that indicate a student's school performance during a certain period of time or on a particular assignment. In addition to measuring the quality of a student's work, grades are also an indication of the progress a student has or has not made. Consistently poor grades indicate that a student is not progressing academically. He or she is then placed at a higher risk of being retained the following school year. Consistently high grades indicate that a student is progressing well academically and should be promoted to the next level.

In addition to affecting whether or not a student is retained, grades are also used in academic placements. Students who receive poor grades may be placed in classes that are ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles