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Americans With Disabilities Act

  • By: Susan M. Vess
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

Signed into law in 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a civil rights statute, prohibits discrimination against qualified persons with disabilities in the areas of employment, telecommunications, and others. Additionally, the ADA reinforces provisions of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the civil rights law that first recognized persons with disabilities as a protected class. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which barred discrimination on the basis of race, religion, or national origin, established entitlement to civil rights protections now found in both the ADA and section 504.

Title II of the ADA includes state and local government responsibilities for public education at all levels. Subpart D of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 applies to students with disabilities from ...

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