Expulsion, a punishment technique used to manage serious behavior problems, involves the long-term exclusion of a student from school and school-related activities. Such exclusion occurs following a set of procedures, usually including a formal school board hearing with the student and parent present. Written notification of the hearing and its results are provided. Readmission following expulsion is generally not permissible until the following academic year and after action from the school board.

Expulsion is considered to be the ultimate punishment for serious rules violations in the school. Skiba and Noam (2002) note that, in the aftermath of serious school violence, techniques to prevent violence and to intervene with at-risk children have come to the educational policy forefront. Many schools have adopted zero-tolerance policies, thus leading to ...

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