Argument and Argumentation

The term argument broadly refers to the logic of a specific argument, while the term argumentation refers to the process for advancing that argument and gaining its acceptance. This entry examines the role of argument and argumentation in logic, rhetoric, and dialectic. It then reviews relevant criteria in evaluating arguments in a variety of contexts.


In the philosophical world of logic, the word argument refers to a reasoned proof of the conclusion to a set of propositions. An argument customarily consists of two or more propositions known as premises that provide largely apodictic support for a conclusion reached through an inference. Therein, argument refers to the result of deductive reasoning.

Argumentation arises when pure logic has not resolved the validity or certainty of an argument, and it ...

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