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Weber, Max

Max Weber (1864–1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist who helped found modern sociology, along with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx. He was concerned with understanding intellectual movements such as rationalization, secularism, and disenchantment that he thought were linked to the rise of capitalism and modernity. He thought of sociology as a comprehensive science of social action, and his focus was on the subjective meaning that humans attach to their actions and interactions within specific social contexts. His system of thought is one in which material interests and ideas are in constant interaction with each other. Thus, he wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism in part to counter the prevailing Marxist view of dialectical materialism and to show how the ...

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