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The Department of Justice (DOJ) was created as an executive department by the U.S. Congress in 1870 when it passed the Act to Establish the Department of Justice. Although the Judiciary Act of 1789 originally created the Office of the Attorney General, the legal workload quickly became problematic, requiring the services of private attorneys to work on cases. This led to heavy expenditures by the government due to ever-increasing amounts of litigation as the country grew. In an effort to control expenses, Congress created the DOJ with the Attorney General as its head to handle the legal workload. The 1870 Act to Establish the Department of Justice specified that the department was to handle the legal business of the United States and put control over ...

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