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The demography of world population will continue changing dramatically and will have a major impact on the economies and lifestyles of societies. This will be particularly felt in industrialized nations, which may lead to the redistribution of global power and wealth. This entry presents a brief history of population growth, followed by an analysis of consequences of the new demographic challenges of aging populations and varied birthrates throughout the world.

History of Population Growth

With the third decade of the 21st century approaching, a population explosion seems to be the biggest challenge of the years ahead. The long hours of morning and evening commutes, traffic jams, environmental pollution, the growing competition for parking spaces in cities and shopping malls, and many other nuisances of everyday life are ...

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