• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index


Pollution, from the Latin pollutionem, meaning “defilement” or “contamination,” refers to the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that have negative effects on people, animals, or the natural environment and further affect health, well-being, biodiversity, or agricultural development. In Council Directive 96/61/EC, the European Union (EU) defined pollution as

the direct or indirect introduction as a result of human activity, of substances, vibrations, heat or noise into the air, water or land which may be harmful to human health or the quality of the environment, result in damage to material property, or impair or interfere with amenities and other legitimate uses of the environment. (Article 2.2; http://freecases.eu/Doc/LegalAct/4439339)

This entry defines pollution, surveys different pollutants and forms of pollution, and considers the ethical issues raised by pollution. ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles