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Malware refers to computer software that has been developed with malicious intent. Computer software consists of instructions developed by computer programmers to achieve specific results such as making calculations, storing and retrieving data, formatting and printing reports, and creating and copying files. Computer software plays a central role in all computing systems, including all Internet-based and mobile applications. Examples for which computer software is developed with malicious intent include accessing confidential information, falsifying information, and deleting files that are essential to a person or to an organization.

Malware directly undermines network security and thus presents substantial social and ethical issues due to the increased dependency on computing systems by both business organizations and individuals. If users feel that their confidential information might be accessed by someone ...

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