The U.S. computer company Hewlett-Packard (HP) was founded in 1939 by Bill Hewlett and David Packard who both graduated from Stanford University in 1934. From its humble beginnings in a one-car garage while Hewlett and Packard were still students at Stanford, the company continued to grow. The company was first headquartered in Palo Alto, California, and was considered one of the early pioneers in developing what is known today as the Silicon Valley. From 2007 through 2013, HP was the world’s leading personal computer manufacturer. This entry examines HP’s history, corporate culture, and current structure and management.

History and Development

The first product HP produced was a precision audio oscillator—used as a small night-light bulb to regulate a temperature dependent resistor in a critical portion of circuits. ...

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