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Gambling, also often referred to as gaming or betting, has been defined as any behavior involving the risking of money or valuables on the outcome of a game, a contest, or other event, which is partially or totally dependent on chance or on one’s ability to do something. Gambling occurs in many forms and is now widespread throughout the world, whether as a legalized or illegal activity. For example, lotteries are publicly operated in almost every continent, in at least 100 countries. Lottery tickets are sold at more than 240,000 locations in North America, most of which are retail outlets such as convenience stores, gas stations, and supermarkets. Worldwide lottery sales were almost $284 billion in 2014. Legalized casinos (e.g., slot machines and table games) ...

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