• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a government agency that is charged with protecting human health and the environment, defined generally as air, water, and land. It was originally established by the president of the United States and the U.S. Congress in 1970 under the Nixon administration to promote improved coordination among environmental agencies involved in enforcing the nation’s environmental laws. The EPA was charged with developing and enforcing policy to prioritize environmental protection and human health, while also addressing cleanup and restoration issues that had arisen from decades of uncontrolled and harmful pollution. It also provided funding to state environmental programs, nonprofits, and educational institutions to perform external research.

As of 2015, the EPA employs an estimated 15,000 individuals. It is headquartered in Washington, ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles