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Energiewende is a German word that means an energy “turn” or an energy transition. It refers to a long-standing and serious commitment on the part of Germany, both its citizens and its government, to make a transition to renewable sources of energy. The program seeks to fight climate change, reduce energy imports, stimulate technological innovation, support the green economy, reduce and eventually eliminate reliance on nuclear power, enhance energy security, strengthen local economies, and move toward a more just society.

Early History

The Energiewende is an outgrowth of the 1970s, which saw the establishment of the German Federal Environment Agency in 1974. A study published in 1980 with the title “Energiewende” argued that economic growth can proceed even with lowered energy consumption. In the 1980s, the Green ...

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