Jury Administration Reforms

Over the past half-century, courts have implemented a host of reforms to the administrative processes involved in qualifying and summoning prospective jurors for jury service. These reforms have largely focused on improving the demographic representation of the jury pool and alleviating the burden of jury service on citizens. This entry describes the legal and theoretical basis for administrative reforms and the specific efforts that courts have made to ensure that the jury pool is broadly inclusive of the entire population and reflects a fair cross-section of the community.

Legal and Theoretical Basis for Administrative Reforms

The U.S. Supreme Court first ruled that African Americans could not be systematically excluded from the jury pool on the basis of race in 1880, but widespread efforts to ensure a demographically ...

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