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Introduction

This entry will provide a brief summary of background, major psychometric issues, implementation aids, and current developments of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS).

Background

Goal Attainment Scaling (Kiresuk & Sherman, 1968) is an individualized treatment outcome measure that was developed and first applied in the mental health department of the Hennepin County Medical Center, a major metropolitan teaching hospital in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Although initially used to measure inpatient, outpatient, and day treatment patient outcomes, the method was also applied to programme evaluation of administrative divisions. Since its inception, GAS has been applied to a wide range of human service interventions in addition to mental health. The initial research was funded by the National Institutes of Mental Health for the purpose of demonstrating the method, comparing mental health treatments, ...

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