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Introduction

Cross-cultural assessment refers to the use of assessment procedures with testees from different cultural backgrounds. Various instances can be distinguished: (i) an existing procedure is used in another country than the one in which it was originally designed, (ii) individuals within a single country differ from each other in ethnic or cultural background, or (iii) testees currently living in different countries take part in the same assessment procedure. Underlying all these forms of cross-cultural assessment are certain issues about the cross-cultural comparability or equivalence of test scores. These are briefly discussed in the first section. In the second section some traditions of cross-cultural test use are mentioned with a view to evaluate how serious the threats are to meaningful and valid cross-cultural assessment.

Equivalence Issues

Suppose a ...

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