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Introduction

There are many types of disabilities that affect children in very different ways. Development, learning processes and individual needs vary according to the nature of the disability. Children are differently affected by the extent, severity and multiplicity of the deficiencies. Assessing children with disabilities requires that aspects which differentiate each case be known and taken account of. It also requires that both resources and support from the surrounding environment be evaluated, since the child's chances of playing a full part in the community often depend on these factors.

In this entry we will refer to key aspects that should be taken into account when assessing children with disabilities. When we talk of children with disabilities we are referring to children with intellectual disabilities (mental retardation), hearing ...

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