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Attributional Styles

Introduction

Shortly after research on attribution theory blossomed, measures were developed to assess attributional style – the presence of cross-situational consistency in the types of attributions people make. Two approaches to measuring attributional style are reviewed here. The first involves global measures that assume attributional style and broadly applies across a variety of situations (see Table 1 for a list of the most widely used measures of attributional style). These measures were developed to test predictions from the reformulated theory of learned helplessness depression (Abramson, Seligman & Teasdale, 1978). The second approach involves more specific measures of attributional style. This approach emerged, in part, from critiques of the cross-situational consistency of the global measures. These measures assess attributional style in more limited contexts such as work, ...

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