The goal of this entry is to summarize current approaches to human values assessment. Values are (1) beliefs about preferable end states or behaviours, and (2) internal criteria that guide information processing, evaluation of the internal and external world of a person, and selection of behaviour. Values are part of the system of personal meanings, including personal identity and purpose in life.
The entry begins with a summary of theories of values and methodological dilemmas concerning the measurement of values. Following this, selected measures are described and the entry ends with a short review of current research trends and future perspectives in the field of value assessment.
Theory and Definition of Value
There have been two general and contrasting approaches to the study of human values: an objectivistic ...