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Introduction

In the triarchic theory of human intelligence, information-processing components are applied to experience in order to adapt to, shape, and select environments (Sternberg, 1985, 1997, 1999). A common set of universal processes underlies all aspects of intelligence.

Metacomponents, or executive processes, plan what to do, monitor things as they are being done, and evaluate things after they are done. Performance components execute the instructions of the metacomponents. Knowledge-acquisition components learn how to solve problems or simply to acquire declarative knowledge in the first place.

Analytical intelligence is invoked when components are applied to fairly familiar kinds of problems abstracted from everyday life; creative intelligence when the components are applied to relatively novel kinds of tasks or situations; and practical intelligence when the components are applied to experience ...

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