Children are attached, if they tend to seek proximity to and contact with a specific caregiver in times of stress arising from factors such as distress, illness, or tiredness (Bowlby, 1984). Attachment is a major developmental milestone in the child's life, and it remains an important issue throughout the lifespan. In adulthood, attachment representations shape the way adults feel about the strains and stresses of intimate relationships, including parent-child relationships, and the way in which the self in relation to important others is evaluated. Attachment theory is a special branch of Darwinian evolution theory, and the need to become attached to a protective conspecific is considered one of the primary needs in the human species. Attachment theory is built upon the assumption that children ...

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