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Introduction

Human behaviour is enormously variable, depending on the inner state of a person, the demands and opportunities of a situation, and in dependence on a person's individual style of living, and on her/his interests, abilities, values, and motives. ‘Psychological assessment’ denotes the universe of systematic, scientifically based methods for describing, recording or interpreting a person's behaviour – provided that a method meets defined psychometric criteria, especially of reliability and validity. In this contribution basic concepts and psychometric methods employed in developing, evaluating and applying assessment methods are introduced.

Mental Measurement

The variations in behaviour and experience, which are captured in an assessment method, differ in the kind and source of psychological data accessed. These may include biographical information (like school records or employment history information), behaviour traces ...

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