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Most researchers in the domain of temperament agree that temperament refers to basic, relatively stable, personality traits present from early childhood and they have their counterpart in animals. There is, however, no consensus about such issues as the biological bases of temperament, the quality and number of traits of which the structure of temperament is composed, and hence there does not exist a commonly accepted view on how to measure temperament, and what has to be measured (see Strelau, 1998; Teglasi, 1998). Whatever the difference between researchers on temperament, three methods have been applied in assessing this phenomenon: observation, interview, and questionnaires (inventories), whereby the latter gained the highest popularity.


One of the methods for assessing temperament, applied mainly to ...

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