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Introduction

Self-control skills consist of self-monitoring, self-evaluation, and self-administered reinforcement. Self-control is also referred to as self-instruction, self-management, learned resourcefulness, lifestyle organization, and controlled reinforcement is delayed or absent. There are at least four self-report instruments that have been developed to assess self-control skills. Some instruments measure the components of self-control and related skills while others measure behavioural outcomes of self-control. The psychometric characteristics of each instrument will be summarized and recommendations for future instrument development will be discussed.

Assessment of Self-Control

Kanfer (1970, 1977; Kanfer & Karoly, 1972) defined self-control as a repertoire of three self-regulating behaviours including self-monitoring, self-evaluation, and self-reinforcement. According to this definition, the individual monitors a behaviour targeted for change or maintenance. The target behaviour can be overt (e.g. eating) or covert (e.g. ...

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