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Introduction

Psychophysiology is the scientific discipline devoted to the study of the interrelationships between the physiological and psychological aspects of behaviour. Such relationships have preoccupied philosophers and scientists throughout history. The different debates about the soul-body, spirit-matter, or mind-brain relationships are all variations on a single theme: the connection between behaviour – our acts, thoughts and feelings – and its sustaining biological body.

The scientific study of the physiological and psychological aspects of behaviour can be approached through different perspectives. The psychophysiological perspective emphasizes the use of physiological measurements to understand the psychological processes underlying behaviour (Turpin, 1989). The focus of psychophysiology is the non-invasive recording of peripheral and central physiological changes while subjects behave under controlled conditions. This approach has mainly used, although not exclusively, humans ...

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