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Introduction

Neuropsychological assessment as a formal procedure is a relatively recent development. Its evolution has paralleled advances, in the past fifty years, in the areas of neuroscience in general, and cognitive neuroscience in particular. It has also been influenced by developments in applied clinical disciplines such as neurology, neuroradiology, rehabilitation medicine, special education, geriatrics, developmental psychology, etc. In this section, we review the historical trajectory of this aspect of clinical neuropsychology, and present the current state of the field.

Historical Antecedents

Neuropsychological assessment did not come of age until after the Second World War. In the second half of the 19th century, there had been a flurry of clinical studies that correlated brain structures and cognitive activity. The work of Broca, Déjerine, Jastrowitz, Korsakoff, Lichteim, Liepmann, Oppenheimer, ...

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