Performance assessment is a class of testing that purports to measure individual and team ability to display complex knowledge and skills. This entry will describe attributes and uses of performance assessments, discuss some technical issues, and point to likely approaches using technology to strengthen their utility. Performance assessment can take many forms, including observed actions (either live or recorded) of the examinee(s), the evaluation of products and related processes created by the respondent(s), or the conduct and outcome of multiple-stage projects. Performance assessment can focus on the output, or end result, or attend to the procedures by which a goal is accomplished. The stimuli eliciting a performance can be many, including simple verbal directions, printed text, computer-supported stimuli, or other agreed-upon signals.

Although performance assessment has ...

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