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Introduction

This entry provides a definition of norm-referenced testing emphasizing its specific characteristics as it pertains to educational and psychological testing. The different uses and applications of norm-referenced tests as highlighted by the most popular types of comparisons made are also noted. Third, the advantages and disadvantages of norm-referenced testing are discussed while future applications and uses of norm-referenced testing are described in the concluding section.

Definition and Characteristics of Norm-Referenced Testing

Norm-referenced testing refers to the process of developing and applying tests to enable the interpretation of an examinee's score relative to that of other examinees. Norm-referenced tests provide answers to the question: ‘How much of the measured construct does a person possess in relation to the comparable norm group?’ Norm-referenced testing differs from criterion-referenced testing (CRT) ...

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