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Introduction

Given the progress in neuroimaging methodology, it is not the primary task of neuropsychological test batteries to detect brain injury. Today, neuropsychological testing has to meet more specific tasks, especially the evaluation of rehabilitation programmes and neuropsychological trainings. The first part of this contribution refers to impairment, disability, and handicap as three different levels of neuropsychological assessment. Following an explication of tasks and problems of neuropsychological assessment in the second part, relevant aspects of neuropsychological functioning are differentiated and diagnostic tools for the assessment of attention, memory, dementia, coping with illness, emotional status, and specific executive functions are presented.

Levels of Neuropsychological Assessment

Proceeding from the terminology proposed by the WHO (see Matthesius et al., 1995), possible long-term consequences of brain damage and effects of neuropsychological rehabilitation ...

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