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Multimodal Assessment (Including Triangulation)


The aim of this entry is to give a short introduction to the basic concept of multimodal assessment. It deals with the definition of the concept and its differentiation from other concepts, points out the relevance of the strategy in research and practice, emphasizes the main aspects and gives some examples of application in the field of clinical psychology and psychotherapy. Finally, some proposals for future developments are given.


It is generally agreed that human behaviour and experience have to be recorded in a multimodal way (other terms occasionally used: multimethod, multimethodically). Thus, distinctions are made between the following aspects (Baumann et al., 1985): databases, sources of data and functional ranges (see Table 1).

On occasions another aspect is added: the type of instruments which are used ...

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