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From an organizational standpoint one major element that sets apart successful from unsuccessful organizations is leadership, which should be dynamic and effective.

Leadership can be seen as the activity to influence others to willingly achieve specified objectives; it is clearly dependent on individual behaviours and a set of attributes which characterize a leader.

Peter F. Drucker referred to business leaders as the basic and scarcest resource of any enterprise. Therefore, it should not be a surprise that organizations are looking at the selection process for candidates (Drucker, 1954).

Trying to respond to the question of how to assess leadership at the individual level, several tools have been developed and tested during the last decades.

The entry on ‘Leadership Personality’ in this Encyclopedia, by Robert Hogan and Robert Tett, includes ...

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