The term xenophobia derives from the Greek xenos (foreigner or stranger) and phobos (fear or aversion) and is generally used to describe fear of, contempt for, or aversion to foreigners and, more broadly, people, values, customs, beliefs, and even artifacts differing from those of one's own culture.

Xenophobia is related to several social science concepts describing different kinds of antipathy to others. These include prejudice (dislike of others, who may differ in almost any way, but which mostly refers to intergroup differences), racism (dislike of others seen as racially different; racism is usually associated with an ideology of superiority over those others), stigmatization (devaluation or dislike of others seen as deviating from socially desirable standards or norms), and ethnocentrism (dislike of ethnically or culturally different others; ...

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